Infertility is defined as inability to achieve pregnancy after at least of one year of trying. Many couples assume that infertility rests with the woman, but men are just as likely to be infertile.
The leading cause of female infertility is the failure to ovulate, which may be influenced by the diet, hormonal imbalances, and other factors. Both women who are very thin and those who are markedly overweight often do not ovulate because the amount of the body fat is closely associated with estrogen levels.
A low sperm count is major cause of male infertility, and for unknown reasons, men worldwide are producing fewer sperm than a few decades ago. Some scientists believe certain pesticides, which have estrogen-like effects may be linked to the declining count. Alcohol and tobacco use lower sperm production and should be avoided if there is difficulty conceiving.
Infertility and nutrition
While nutrition is not a leading cause of infertility, it’s important for both men and women to consume a healthful diet to enhance the chance of conceiving and delivering a healthy baby.
Eat balanced died that’s rich in essential nutrients. Using oral contraceptives for 5 years or more may cause reduced reserves of vitamins B6, B12, C and E, as well as calcium, zinc, and other minerals. Inadequate zinc intake may also lower male fertility. And even for men who are not deficient, evidence suggests that vitamin B12, found in all animal products, may improve sperm count and motility. Eat foods rich in these nutrients – fruits and vegetables for vitamin C, milk and low-fat yogurt for calcium, and fortified breads and cereals, lean meat, poultry, and seafood for the B vitamins as well as iron, zinc, and other minerals.
Eat foods rich in folate or take supplements. Doctors advise women who are pregnant or who may become pregnant to consume lots of folate-rich foods or take folic acid supplements to lessen the risk of having children with neural tube defects such as spina bifida. Good dietary sources of folate include fortified breakfast cereals, leafy greens, legumes and orange juice.
Limit alcohol. Alcohol is known to reduce fertility in both women and men.
Limit coffee. Researchers at John Hopkins University found that women who drank more than three cups of coffee a day reduced their chances of conceiving in any given month by 25%.
Avoid smoking. Tobacco reduces sperm count.
Go for B12. Other evidence suggests that vitamin B12, found in all animal products, may improve sperm count and motility, even in men who are not B12 deficient.
Foods that heal infertility:
Enriched of fortified breakfast cereals, Brussels sprouts, broccoli, turnip greens, yogurt, legumes, lean meat, fish, orange juice.
Foods to limit before conception:
Coffee and other caffeinated drinks for women and alcohol.
Infertility can be solved
Treatment of infertility depends on many factors, including ages of both partners, the length of infertility and personal preferences. With a little advice and technology, a couple may be able to conceive. Here are general suggestions and approaches:
Avoid smoking. Smoking reduces fertility in both women and men.
Maintain a healthy weight. Any woman who is considering becoming pregnant should try to achieve her ideal weight before conception. Women who are underweight at conception may have anemia during pregnancy and the baby may be more at risk of health problems. Ab overweight woman should diet before trying to conceive. This also lowers her risk of developing high blood pressure or diabetes during pregnancy.
Talk to your doctor or see a fertility specialist. See a doctor to determine the cause of infertility. Depending on the cause, fertility drugs, assisted reproductive technology or surgery may be recommended.
Between 8.5% to 15% of American couples are affected by infertility. 33% of infertility cases are attributable to the male, and 33% to the female. The remaining 33% are either both or the cause can’t be identified. If you are planning a baby you should stop using oral contraceptives for at least of 5 years, eat folate-rich and nutritious food, and avoid smoking along with caffeinated drinks. Women and men infertility can be easily solved by putting more effort into a healthier lifestyle and following recommendations by fertility specialists.